A4 Motorway, Veneto, 45°49′ N 12°13′ E

The purpose of the study of these three motorway sections in northern Italy was to define the resilience of these infrastructures about the climate change.

In this case, Kassandra has not only analyzed the components of the highway (surface, guardrail, acoustic barrier and lighting) but also the portion of the territory on the sides of the highway, considering it is closely connected with it.

Ironbridge, Telford & Wrekin, 52°37′ N 2°29′ W

Some of the issues that affect the resilience of the Ironbridge Gorge WHS are not derived from factors within the Gorge itself. In particular, the issue around flood management is unlikely be able to be solved within the site apart from local interventions and it might be useful to consider a geographical expansion of the Digital Twin to encompass a wider area of the River Severn and provide a basis for additional scenarios and simulations.

Mount Stewart, County Down, Northern Ireland, 54.55° N 5.60° W

The National Trust Mount Stewart site was chosen as a good example to demonstrate, with an evidence-based pilot study, the connection between the future changes that are likely to affect the overall resilience of the community, the heritage assets, to be able to see the distribution of impacts these changes might have.

At the outset of the pilot study there were already some known climate change risks which have been confirmed by the data. During the course of the study other aspects have come to light which have a substantial effect on the overall performance of Mount Stewart in terms of resilience to climate change.

Coulibistrie, Dominica, 15°27′ N 61°27′ W

Video of the Prototype

Kassandra, working with the University of Portsmouth, has completed a study in the Caribbean to define a series of key guidelines for the improvement of resilience of coastal communities to extreme climatic events caused by Climate Change.

The project focuses on two island nations of the Caribbean – Dominica and Grenada – different for geographical location and morphology, but both subject to great risk from severe weather events and other natural disasters such as volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.

In addition to applying Kassandra to the sites on both islands, a prototype building design was developed that takes into account the results of the Kassandra study and proposes an ideal resilient building capable of withstanding and adapting to most natural disasters.

Modica, Italy, 36°51′ N 14°45′ E

Video presented at Architecture Venice Biennale 2020

Modica has a medium sized historic centre set in a deep valley in South East Sicily at 36N degrees latitude, which cuts across the largest portion of the Mediterranean. Its relatively small size allows for a good number of data types to be analysed without the great volume that a large city would generate.

  • Its population, 55.000 inhabitants, and relative compact size and topographical and historic conformation make it representative for most small and medium sized towns in the areas of the Mediterranean that are likely to suffer first and more severely from climate change.
  • It has a complex topography, with deep valleys, plateaus and hills which allows for different scenarios that can be applied to other towns throughout the region and beyond.
  • It is a Unesco World Heritage site, a benchmark for the quality of the historic urban environment. The historic layering of the town allows us to look back at successful pre-industrial vernacular solutions, as well as the effect of later urban and architectural interventions.